Call to Order: We are encouraging our customers to call us at 800-352-5247 to place your orders.We can then ship your seed directly to you, or you can come pick it up at Albert Lea Seed. A second syndrome, associated with consumption of hairy vetch pasture, resulted in death of cattle with signs that included subcutaneous swellings of the head, neck and body, eruptions in the oral mucous membranes, purulent nasal discharge, cough, and congestion. It is normally seeded at 20 to 40 pounds per acre. The seedbed should be moist, firm and uniform. Feed Sci. Crude fibre is in the 17-28% DM range. Hairy Vetch Planting. Effect of, Hannaway, D. B. ; Larson, C., 2004. What separates NC State University from other schools? It is 30-70 cm in height in mature swards (Cook et al., 2005). Want to see which lists are available? L-Canavanine: a natural feed-intake inhibitor for pigs (isolation, identification and significance). The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. In: Alternative Field Crop Manual, University of Wisconsin, Cooperative Extension. Send Explanation, This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/hairy-vetch. After a frost, vetch is left unaffected. Bruno-Soares, A. M. ; El-Shaer, H. M., 1997. Hairy vetch is a very good source of pollen and nectar for honey bees, which forage readily on its flowers (Weaver, 1965). It is widely adapted and hardy in the north with snow cover. Though a good stand of this winter annual legume alone can provide good cover, it also can make a good companion species to ryegrass and, in particular, small grains. In the USA (Oklahoma), stocker cattle grazing tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and a legume mixture including hairy vetch had average daily gain (700 g/d) and total gain (296 vs. 237 kg/ha), comparable to cattle grazing fertilized fescue. Exp. Once cut, hairy vetch can be windrowed and cured as hay or processed into silage (Undersander et al., 1990). Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) is an annual or biannual viny legume with a woolly appearance due to long soft hairs borne on the stems and leaves (FAO, 2014; Cook et al., 2005; Undersander et al., 1990). Performance of growing dairy bulls offered diets based on silages made of whole-crop barley, whole-crop wheat, hairy vetch and grass. In poultry, a diet containing 30-80% hairy vetch seeds caused a mortality rate of 20-40% (Cooper et al., 1984). It flowers and seeds late in the season and often survives the dry season, regenerating to almost full strength during the next rainy season (Göhl, 1982). In China, a concentrate feed with 40% hairy vetch was shown to improve the meat quality of hybrid beef cattle, but it is unclear whether the seeds or the foliage were included (Han et al., 2012). Agric., 15(2): 3-13. Clin., 77 (2): 257-258, Kuusela, E. ; Khalilib, H. ; Päivi Nykänen-Kurki, P., 2004. Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. Bruno-Soares, A. M. ; Abreu, J. M. F. ; Guedes, C. V. M. ; Dias-da-Silva, A. (Optional) Vicia bivonea Raf., Vicia dasycarpa Ten., Vicia eriocarpa (Hausskn.) Hairy vetch is used as a cover crop, green manure, pasture, silage, and hay (Kandel 2002). Fertilisation, seed mixtures and supplementary feeding for annual legume-grass-cereal pastures in organic milk production systems. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/cover_crops01/hairyvetch.htm Watch Queue Queue Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The chemical composition of some leguminous plants grown in the herbage nursery at Kitale, Kenya. J. Paper 146, Terrill, T. H.; Whitehead, W. F.; Durham, G.; Hoveland, C. S.; Singh, B. P.; Gelaye, S., 2004. J. Hairy vetch has been considered as a potential forage for wild rabbits in Utah, USA (Surrency et al., 2001). In Europe, hairy vetch is less cultivated than common vetch (Undersander et al., 1990). eriocarpa Hausskn., Vicia villosa subsp. dasycarpa (Ten.) Hairy vetch fixes large amounts of nitrogen (N) that help meet N needs of the following crop, protects soil from erosion, helps improve soil tilth, and provides weed control during its vigorous growth in the spring and when left as a dead mulch at the soil surface. E. Afr. Hairy vetch is a desirable, nutritious forage and should continue to be used as such. Due to the vining, climbing habit of the plant, it is often sown in combination with rye so the rye may provide some support. Cooperative Extension has offices in every county, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research & Extension Center, Vernon G. James Research & Extension Center, Entomology – Insect Biology and Management, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, Weed Management in Nurseries, Landscapes & Christmas Trees, [sulfentrazone + prodiamine], MOA 14 + 3 (4 SC) (Echelon), summer annual or winter annual or biennial weed, vining; vine-like, forms a mat; hairy stems. This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: Extension Specialist (Turfgrass / Forage Crop Weed Mgt), N.C. In rams, in situ DM degradability of hairy vetch straw was between 59 and 61% (Bruno-Soares et al., 1997; Abreu et al., 1998; Bruno-Soares et al., 2000). The importance of Hairy Vetch is high as its benefits are more and so are Hairy Vetch Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Native to Europe and Asia, it is a winter plant sown in the Fall and, in places where it snows, is killed off with the cold or tilled into fields. It does well in areas with average temperatures ranging from 8°C to 19°C. Growing Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Garden Seeds. The same thing that connects it to every corner of North Carolina: NC State Extension. Anim., Zaragoza, Espana, 12 y 13 de mayo de 2009, 361-363, Hernández-Ortega, M. ; Heredia-Nava, D. ; Espinoza-Ortega, A. ; Sánchez-Vera, E. ; Arriaga-Jordán, C. M., 2011. There is little information about the utilisation of hairy vetch in pig feeding, possibly because of expected deleterious effects on animal performance. ), Diane Publishing, 2008, Selmi, H.; Gasmi-Boubaker, A.; Losada, R. M.; Abdouli, H.; Rekik, B.; Rouissi, H.; Hassen, H.; Rigueiro-Rodriguez, A. , 2010. Hairy vetch does well in areas where annual rainfall is 350-1000 mm. Oil content and fatty acid profile in seeds of Polish breeding lines and cultivars of legumes. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Natural vetch economic alternative to soybean meal in Tunisia. Watering is one Hairy vetch seed are commercially available in a range of sizes. Xia XianLin ; Tang LiLin ; Xiong JiangLin ; Han Yong ; Zhang YouRong ; Long Mei ; Yang QingGang ; Jiao YongXue, 2005. NC State Extension is the largest outreach program at NC State University. The seeds can be drilled at a depth of 2-4 cm or broadcast and subsequently disked to incorporate them in the soil. Maintain a dense, actively growing turf through proper mowing, fertilizing, and watering practices. Dry matter degradation of legume straws in the rumen. Mow at the proper height for your selected adapted turfgrass. When compared to several clover species (Trifolium incarnatum, Trifolium vesiculosum, Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium hirtum) in cafeteria-style trials with goats, hairy vetch was shown to be of intermediate palatability (Terrill et al., 2004). Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Range Manage., 28 (2): 100-107, FAO, 2014. Hairy vetch can be sown in mixture with grasses (in Australia: Digitaria eriantha, Lolium multiflorum, Panicum coloratum, Phalaris aquatica and Setaria incrassata), with small grain crops (rye, wheat and oats) and with other vetches or medics (Cook et al., 2005). Percentages of hairy vetch biomass additions by shoots 60 and roots 100, compared with their initial biomass, were input as green manure into soils under no-tillage and tillage together with secondary fertilizer applications for the vegetative growth of corn. Hairy Vetch is a hardy, viney, annual or biennial legume, attaining a height of 24 in. Hairy vetch straw contains about 10% protein in the DM. Performance of Balochi lambs grazing, Sonne, L., 2010. Hairy vetch prefers full sunlight. Hairy vetch provides sufficient N for many vegetable crops, partially replaces the need for N fertilizer for maize and cotton, thereby increasing yield and N efficiency of the cash crop. Lanyasunya, T. P. ; Wang HongRong ; Mukisira, E. A. ; Wang MengZhi ; Kuria, D. M. ; Zhang Jie ; Ayako, W. O. , 2007. (75% rye/25% vetch by weight). The leaflets are narrowly oblong, 10-25 mm in length (Hannaway et al., 2004). Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). J. Sci. Hairy vetch (, Hernández-Ortega, M. ; Heredia-Nava, D. ; Espinoza-Ortega, A. ; Sánchez-Vera, E. ; Arriaga-Jordán, C. M., 2009. Vicia villosa has a scrambling and prostrate habit when young. As the vetch’s roots decay, they serve as an easy canal for other roots to follow. Seeding rate: 90 lbs/acre, 3-4 lbs/1000 sq ft. Health Prod., 43 (5): 947-954, Hoffmann, R. ; Der, F. ; Gyovai, M. ; Fabian, T., 2004. Inflorescences are 7 cm long, spike-like racemes that bear 10 to 20-30 flowers (Cook et al., 2005; Hannaway et al., 2004). While most of the cultivated vetches are annuals, hairy vetch is grown as an annual or winter annual. Prod. Great Britain Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Reference Book, 161. Agric. TurfFiles provides turfgrass information to homeowners, students, extension personnel and professional turfgrass managers. Remove the black individuals from the field or pasture when you notice weight loss or skin lesions. Crop Sci., 52 (4): 1940-1948, Karabulut, A.; Munzur, M.; Ozturk, H., 1989. It will do well in soils too acidic for many clovers and alfalfas. When hairy vetch is sown in late July or August, the seed germinates readily and the plants generally form a crown before the first snow. Hairy vetch is a winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. In Kenya, hairy vetch hay given to sheep (127 g DM/d) as a protein supplement to fresh Sorghum x almum forage resulted in higher DM intake, protein intake, average daily gain and feed efficiency ratio than feeding Sorghum x almum alone (Lanyasunya et al., 2007d). All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository). Agric., 49 (3): 352-365, Andrzejewska, A. ; Ignaczak, S. ; Barzyk, P., 2016. Preference of grazing goats for cool-season annual clovers. Hairy vetch is a winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. Hal., Vicia pseudocracca Bertol., Vicia varia Host, Vicia varia var. Anim. Unlike clover, hairy vetch did not cause bloat (Kuusela et al., 2004). Hairy vetch was introduced from Europe as a forage crop for livestock, and to stabilize banks and roadsides. A., 2000. Hairy vetch was found to contain L-canavanine, an amino acid that protects plants from predators but also reduced feed intake in pigs (Enneking et al., 1993). Anim. Prod. At the base of the leaf stalk is a pair of narrow, leafy appendages (stipules) that are ¼ to 1/3 inch long and densely hairy. Hairy vetch is native to Southern Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and Western Asia. Sci., 85 (2-3): 113-127. It can produce up to 12 t DM/ha from two cuts in Australia (Cook et al., 2005). The vetch fixes nitrogen; rye adds organic matter and protects the less-hardy vetch from winter damage. ft Seed Planting Depth: Broadcasting directly and lightly tamp into soil Latin Name: Vicia villosa Common Names: Winter Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Sand Vetch Hairy Vetch Hardiness Zones: Perennial to zones 1-7, Annual cover crop Days to Maturity: 80-90 days (longer when left to germinate over winter) Hairy Vetch Seeding Rate: 1-2 lb per 1000 sq. Les aliments du bétail sous les tropiques. Pol. Cooper, M. R. ; Johnson, A. W., 1984. Depending on the climate and the intended use, hairy vetch can be sown during late summer (cold areas), or mid-autumn (warmer areas), or year round in places where temperatures are suitable (high altitude tropics), provided there is enough moisture (beginning of the wet season) (Hannaway et al., 2004; Undersander et al., 1990). Experimental and natural intoxications by, Spurway, R. A. ; Wheeler, J. L. ; Hedges, D. A., 1974. Hairy vetch prefers well-drained soils with a pH of 6.0-7.0, and will do poorly in clay or wet fields. Dairy cows grazing hairy vetch produced a similar amount of milk as cows grazing Persian clover (Trifolium resupinatum) (20.6 vs. 22 kg/d), in spite of the lower in vitro OM digestibility (74 vs. 78%) and sugar content (8.6 vs. 13.6% DM) of the hairy vetch. HAIRY VETCH Vicia villosa. Grab the latest working Organic Hairy Vetch Seed coupons, discount codes and promos. Hairy vetch forage is rich in protein, from 19 to 30% DM. 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