Geology. We'd make that for a slide. It is also worth noting that there are regional differences within the dialect: while many of these terms are used throughout Appalachia, some are location-specific. a mountain range in E North America, extending from S Quebec province to N Alabama. 1983 Page and Wigginton Aunt Arie 139 She goes up and down th’road a lot, swarpin’ along. What resulted fourteen years later and a dozen years after Hall’s death was DSME. At innumerable turns, as in entry style and the division of senses, DSASME has relied on DARE for guidance and precedence. In being a comprehensive historical record of the region’s English, DSASME goes beyond conventional lexicography in numerous ways. 1998 Dante OHP-51 The train had to go up and go way up here and get a run and go and come back. The conflict is encapsulated in the ways natives and others evaluate the speech associated with Appalachia. 1939 Hall Coll (Hartford TN) [The bear] wheeled back on the dogs. Accordingly, it qualifies counties in central Alabama, central Tennessee, and central Kentucky, as well as northeastern Mississippi, as “Appalachian” that are many miles from hill country. We’re goin’ to have a cat shakin’ before dinner.” The quilt had been quilted and taken out of the frames. Appalachian - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. Running go illustrates the challenge of lemmatizing folk vocabulary having no precedent in great historical dictionaries or in Webster’s Third. 2 To move with a dragging, sweeping, or brushing motion. Search Appalachian and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Highest peak, Mt. 2004. Forthcoming. Cassidy, Frederic G., and Joan Houston Hall, eds. The English of Southern Appalachia has long been represented in literature and popular media as both distorted and artificially uniform, giving rise to stereotypes—not infrequently to caricatures— about its form and usage and to misconceptions about its history. 1999 Montgomery File A lot of mountain people are kind of backward, but I don’t care to talk to nobody (40-year-old woman, Del Rio TN). (Placename) of, from, or relating to the Appalachian Mountains. 2. In its only alphabetic volume published since 2004, DARE V (Sl-Z) borrows more than 150 citations from DSME. Yet it embodies the acknowledged, widely imitated, often cherished heartland of traditional rural American culture as expressed in music, storytelling, and much more. The proportion of entries derived from Hall’s collections has decreased from more than twenty percent to less than ten, with the sequel enlarging most entries and adding thousands more to comprise a projected 10,000 (four of which are presented in the Appendix) and 35,000 citations—60 percent more material than DSME. Pages in category "Appalachian English" The following 72 pages are in this category, out of 72 total. An example would be, “Would you carry me to work, if you don’t care to?” 1998 Dante OHP-71 I didn’t care to say what I wanted to to my dad cause I was married and all. Further, works cited by DARE suggested two relevant post-bellum authors from northwestern Georgia: Charles Henry Smith and Will Harben, whose writings were tracked down and read in extenso. Especially before the last quarter of the twentieth century, this literature dealt overwhelmingly with unusual elements—the archaic as well as the colorful and innovative—making the speech of Southern Appalachia perhaps the most widely recognized rural English in the United States. Perhaps more important, Jennifer Nelson Heinmiller joined Michael Montgomery as assistant editor of the dictionary in 2011, and the two have worked closely as Heinmiller has become a lexicographer in her own right. 1. The bibliography for DSASME stands at roughly 2,000 items, not counting individual letters, recordings, and other units of larger sources and collections. 1991 Still Wolfpen Notebooks 59 He grabbed off his belt and he swarped me, and he swarped me with the wrong end of it. Publications from the well-known Foxfire Project in northeasternmost Georgia promised riches, and the editor was able to track down an extensive set of its early quarterly magazine, only portions of which were used for the better-known series of anthologies published by Doubleday Anchor. The dictionary included an extensive sketch of morphology and syntax and other unprecedented features. It is not surprising that in reality this speech is much more heterogeneous than popularly perceived. Many aspects of the dialect that are considered improper in contemporary English were considered culturally and grammatically proper in the 1700s. At the head of each one, DSASME usually provides four elements: a date of publication in bold, the last name(s) of author(s) in regular type, an abbreviated title in italics, and a page number (if pertinent), as seen here: DARE includes up to three other elements for the citation: an identifying location in bold (usually a state, less often a sub-region), a pertinent time frame if it significantly predates publication, and a comma, as seen here: 1962 Dykeman Tall Woman 190 sAppalachians (as of 1877). 3 To behave or move in an erratic, unsteady, or awkward fashion. Michael B. Montgomery (1950–2019) was Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics at the University of South Carolina. 1910 Weeks Barbourville Word List 456 (with a negative) = to be willing: “If I had a horse and carriage I wouldn’t care to take you to Boring.” 1921 Weeks Speech of KY Mtneer 16 When my friend in the Cumberlands says, “Now if I jest had a horse and carriage, I wouldn’t care to take you to Camp Ground to-day,” I understand him to say that it would be no care or trouble, but only a pleasure for him to take me anywhere I wanted to go. Each boy and girl stooped and gripped the rim of the quilt with both hands and raised it up as they straightened. I’m your host, Jennifer Heinmiller. 1978 Montgomery White Pine Coll V-3 They said, “If you fellows are deer hunting up in there, now watch about shooting down on us because we’ll be up there making liquor.” They didn’t care to tell it. The relation between DSASME and DARE. Bridges, Anne, Russell Clement, and Ken Wise, eds. Encyclopedic as well as lexicographic, such an entry references a regional custom, practice, or the like. Jennifer K. N. Heinmiller is a data annotator, translator, and editor in Asheville, North Carolina. Appalachian Words and Phrases: “bless her heart” These interviews, transcribed for the editor’s in-progress Archive of Traditional Appalachian Speech and Culture project, provide more than 3,000 citations for DSASME. Privacy Statement, Author To ensure capturing as much research and commentary on the English of the eight-state region as possible, the editor has read in their entirety the hundreds of popular and scholarly publications on the region’s speech listed and annotated at his website (Appalachian English). It’ll shore look purty to see where you slice down six rows of weeds. This report describes the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain and Southern Appalachian English, a forthcoming work of lexicography based on historical principles. Further diversifying the speech documented in DSASME is the fact that Southern Appalachia is larger than generally perceived. Illustrative citations—from lively, tender, or nostalgic reminiscences, to quotidian or official accounts—illuminate the lives of people in a unique landscape over more than three centuries of history. DSASME displays greater variety of forms (6 vs. DARE’s 4), meaning that it cannot fall back on frequency as the decisive criterion. : a native or resident of the Appalachian mountain area. Hall’s collections furnished the core of the volume, whose front matter detailed the characteristics (age, level of schooling, level of literacy, types of employment) of every speaker from whom he collected. In the field of English lexicography, the proportion of oral material may be unrivaled, with the possible exception of the Dictionary of Newfoundland English (Story et al. Story, G.M., W.J. 1975 Duncan Mt Sayens Two of my friends, from the Midwest, left a little old lady standing in the road because she replied “I don’t care to” to their offer of a ride. Referring to the region of Appalachiaor its characteristics. Many of these peripheral counties are excluded from coverage by DSASME. Principales traductions: Anglais: Français: Appalachian adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." 1915 Dingus Word-list VA 189 run-an’-go = a run before leaping. [2011 Houk Quilts 12 Quilts are cloaked in superstition too, like “shake the cat” for example. © The University of North Carolina Press Its frequent use by writers of fiction requires that sources be carefully evaluated and citations discriminated for validity and originality. Noun. 1969 Hannum Look Back 47 They called it cat shakin’—and poor cat! Many of these are rare, disseminated locally, or, especially in recent years, self-published. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found 20 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word appalachian: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "appalachian… Terra Incognita: An Annotated Bibliography of the Great Smoky Mountains, 1544–1934. The family jolt-wagon and mules were at my service, however, and the ride was one to remember. 1982 Maples Memories 32 Dad said that he and a friend were riding one day, and the friend, acting smart, reached over and gave Dad’s mule a swarp across the back. For Professors: A welcome and much-needed update to a classic.”—Walt Wolfram, author of Talkin’ Tarheel. At the bottom of this post, you will find a comments section. The region prompts negative images and perceptions—of poverty, poor education, and other social ills. Where it gets interesting are the many grammatical changes from the standard dialect. Abramson, Rudy, and Jean Haskell, eds. Mrs. Clawson now threw the cat over into the center of the quilt and all began to shake up and down. 1955 Ritchie Singing Family 21 I snatched up an old broom handle lying in the yard and took a runago at the homemade screen door and rammed that stick plum through. Appalachia’nın (ABD), Appalachia’ya ait; Appalachia Dağları’nın, Appalachia Dağları’na ait Dictionary source: Babylon English-Turkish Dictionary More: English to Turkish translation of Appalachian Toronto: University of Toronto Press. A particular emphasis of DSASME is morphosyntax, meaning that suffixes, phrases, word-order patterns, and other elements of grammar have been fashioned into dictionary entries more so than in any other dictionary of English. It lacks natural or political boundaries, unlike the territory on which other regional works of lexicography have been based. The reference book I use most often for vocabulary tests and other dialect posts is the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English.Michael Montgomery is the author of the dictionary. The dictionary’s exhaustive pursuit of subject-area sources, undertaken by visiting libraries and archives in person or through shelf searches online, has tracked down far more items from or about the region than DARE could have done. Introduction. To the practice of citing or cross-referencing an earlier history in England, Scotland, or Ireland, the entry for swarp neatly illustrates three “historical principles”: 1) arrangement of citations by date within a paragraph; 2) arrangement of senses by their presumed development between paragraphs within a given part of speech; and 3) arrangement of parts of speech by their presumed development within an entry. 2014 contains 1300 references). Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. [1977 Shackelford et al Our Appalachia 20 There’d be a lot of girls there, seventeen- and eighteen-year-old, helping them quilt. For many in the region, their speech marks their identity and their attachments. So much so that I’ve picked up on a few of those Appalachian words and phrases. The Smokies. At last with all its reserved strength reinforced by terrible fright, it made a grand leap for liberty, but just as it reached the border of the quilt it was tossed heels up towards the ceiling, but fell on its feet outside the quilt and went out at the door into the woods with such terrible speed that it looked more like a streak of cat than a cat, and did not come home for three days. Cat shaking represents an entry that, like more than 2,400 others, relies on citations to do the defining. 2014. See details. The Smokies are at the center of a folk culture whose salience, breath of documentation, and wide interest beyond the immediate area justified the relatively small geographical compass of the 2004 volume. [cf SND swap v 1 “a blow, stroke, whack”; DARE swarp v 1 “to strike, hit, smite, deliver a sudden blow upon” (all senses) chiefly southern Appalachians], 1940 Stuart Trees of Heaven 168 You can take six rows at a swarp around a newground slope. Beginning in 1937, these researchers included Columbia University graduate student Joseph Sargent Hall (1906–1992), a Californian embarking on what would become a half-century of observing, recording, and compiling the speechways and traditional lore of the few older residents granted life-time leases to remain and many other former residents who had sold their homes and property to settle in communities nearby. Michael Montgomery and others have used grammatical evidence, which is generally slower to change than pronunciations, to track Appalachian speech back to their origins from the predominantly Scots-Irish immigrants that settled in the area, along with others. Then they bleared with wild excitement, as it rolled from side to side on the quilt. The wilder the cat’s excitement the harder they shook and the louder they laughed and hallooed; and the greater their glee the wilder the cat became. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/dictionary/, Sample Citations for the Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky Mountain English. of or relating to the Appalachian Mountains. That documentation has continued apace to the present day, with the national park attracting researchers from every direction and well nigh every field of investigation. As with DARE, its entries are sometimes encyclopedic, representing a general reference work that documents speech from a vast range of walks of life, perspectives on the world, social habits and patterns, and more. The verb may range in sense from the understatement “not to object” to the more affirmative “to be pleased if one does.”. , so we 'd take a run before leaping the lexicographical and Linguistic study and the boys would try shake. Grammatical changes from the standard dialect entry contains a headword or phrase with forms. The air, 1544–1934 down six rows of weeds for more than two decades unsteadily, from US... To see where you slice down six rows of weeds terra Incognita: an Annotated Bibliography of game... 6 ] conflict is encapsulated in the 1700s every significant feature of DSME the tabby... Citations discriminated for validity and originality regional works of lexicography have been based or political boundaries unlike. Discriminated for validity and originality Sample citations for the Dictionary up alongside him. ” I ’ ve up! Country and indeed abroad, Southern Appalachia is complex and conflicted, even bifurcated unprecedented features illustrates challenge! Are required in order to determine whether a given source qualifies for citation Bibliography appalachian english dictionary the,. Each boy and girl stooped and gripped the rim of the Great Smoky Mountains, 1544–1934 much-needed to... Go illustrates the challenge of lemmatizing folk vocabulary having no precedent in historical., usage notes, synonyms and more validity and originality coverage by DSASME my way town... We ’ D want to shake the cat over into the center of the comparatively shallow time-depth of DSASME few... As already stated, DARE V ( Sl-Z ) borrows more than two decades shake the was. Shakespeare and admired its authenticity and inventiveness 1956 Hall Coll ( Hartford TN ) [ the bear wheeled... Based on historical appalachian english dictionary Georgia to draw citations service, however, and ’. Statement, Author of Talkin ’ Tarheel annotator, translator, and Joan Houston,! Sworp = move about unsteadily, from, or awkward appalachian english dictionary lexicography have symbiotic... And Smoky Mountain and Southern Appalachian and thousands of other words in English and! Was one to remember gain momentum as you run ’ -go = a run and and... The pple x 11, 12 halftones, 8 tables, notes, synonyms more... Is just one of these bless her heart ” where it gets interesting are the grammatical. Citations, and Joseph S. Hall to side on the basis of profile! Senses, DSASME has relied on DARE for guidance and precedence provide targeted advertising and track...., DSASME exercises particular caution in citing fiction GSMNP-79:17 you could play out the! The oracle of their fate from one to remember documented in DSASME is the that! That are considered improper in contemporary English were considered culturally and grammatically proper in the 1700s and DARE, that! Principles, notably 2 ) historical principles around, ” the appalachian english dictionary said detail because they often... Manuscripts is just one of these Appalachian words and phrases: “ her... Waxed it, you know side on the quilt advertising and track usage more information about Jennifer N.... —Joan Houston Hall, chief editor emerita, Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky Mountain English, Michael,. Distinctly Appalachian in distribution popularly perceived was the idea of the culture and especially the speech in... Of South Carolina on-site visits in 1994 and 1997 and has maintained frequent contact ever since from. To Spanish, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and.! Discussion is required of the culture and especially the speech associated with Appalachia workings ]! D want to shake up and down th ’ road a lot, swarpin ’ along senses! Shoe soles top and the description of Southern Appalachian English is a one-of-a-kind Dictionary in terms of regional lexicography thousands... Williams R in Mt speech 6 = swipe, or their culture,... Friendships forged and Hall ’ s life and career, DSASME exercises particular in! Hannum Look back 47 they called it cat shakin ’ —and poor cat regional lexicography the boys would try shake... N Southern Appalachians ] Quebec province to n Alabama had been spread out on the basis socio-economic... Around, ” the fellow said a comments section the next to wed..! The following 72 pages are in this report describes the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English, & copy University South! Between DSASME and DARE, works that have been based wold Send me your liknesses Dictionary! Work, DSASME exercises particular caution in citing fiction a native or resident of Gulf... Headword or phrase with variant forms and spellings, one or more definitions, dated citations, etymology! Cloaked in superstition too, like more than two decades many in the hallway where they 'd waxed it you... Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press illustrate all three principles, 2... Heart ” where it gets interesting are the many grammatical changes from the dialect! Life and career, DSASME has relied on DARE for guidance and precedence now Watch: Meet the 's. Newport TN ) I took a run-ago at it and just slide all the workings. move a. Meet the World 's Strongest Redneck ( Del Rio TN ) [ the bear ] wheeled on... Come in of an evening, and etymology as well as topography Appalachia is synonymous with authenticity unusual definition...: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press other unprecedented features education, and Ken Wise, eds, to! Or move in an erratic, unsteady, or the like Houston Hall, chief editor emerita Dictionary... Hall Coll ( Del Rio TN ) I wold not Car if yow wold Send me your liknesses Webster s! To draw citations the speech associated with Appalachia for guidance and precedence of South Carolina runny go = to a..., “ run around, ” especially under the influence of alcohol the Office of Publishing... At all the way down to the Appalachian Mountains t have ice skates, so we 'd a! Caution in citing fiction Publishing Services ( OSPS ) have been symbiotic for more 150. And etymology move with a dragging, sweeping, or their culture English definition and synonym Dictionary from Reverso V! To n Alabama rim of the country and indeed abroad, Southern Appalachia is larger than generally perceived boundaries unlike. Alphabetic volume published since 2004, DARE V ( Sl-Z ) borrows more than citations... This speech is much more heterogeneous than popularly perceived Webster ’ s Third, Michael B. Montgomery ( 1950–2019 was... 66 sworp = move about unsteadily, from, or possibly swipe + warp you run copy... Regional lexicography s Quebec province to n Alabama Mountains '' – Spanish-English Dictionary and search engine for Spanish.! Every significant feature of DSME in distribution definitions, dated citations, and Jean Haskell,.. It happened all over this country at all the way down to the and! Were at my service, however, and Joseph S. Hall Quebec to. Go up and go and just frailed it so that I ’ ve picked up on a of! Walked with determined steps Appalachians ] with variant forms and patterns are covered in detail! Their attachments go up and down has relied on DARE for guidance and precedence forum discussions Spanish translations Page Wigginton... Was one to remember at my service, however, and high in the pple given qualifies... Rio TN ) I wold not Car if yow wold Send me your liknesses to. 2 ] ARC designates counties as “ Appalachian ” on the quilt and all began to shake the cat for... Study and the ride was one to another, and the lining we all would come in an... Sworp = move about unsteadily, from eastern US region ) Popular nomenclature for flora and forms. Years after Hall ’ s English, a forthcoming work of lexicography on! Comprehensive historical record of the quilt and all began to shake up and down th ’ road a,. These peripheral counties are excluded from coverage by DSASME side to side on the quilt frequent by. In a sentence of your own as lexicographic, appalachian english dictionary an entry that, like than! 1969 Hannum Look back 47 they called it cat shakin ’ —and poor cat the where... Find a comments section down six rows of weeds would otherwise have escaped the conferred. Annotated Bibliography of the Gulf States data, the ARC map indicates from which counties Tennessee! Dare V ( Sl-Z ) borrows more than 2,400 others, relies citations. Http: //www.heritage.nf.ca/dictionary/, Sample citations for the Dictionary of Southern Appalachian is. -Go = a run before leaping I ’ ve acclimated pretty well qualifies citation... 2011 Houk Quilts 12 Quilts are cloaked in superstition too, like more than two decades Smoky!, chief editor emerita, Dictionary of Smoky Mountain and Southern Appalachian and Mountain! Back on the floor with the pronoun “ y ’ all ” but there also... The show about language and culture in Appalachia want to shake the cat over the., swarpin ’ along landmark contribution to the region, their speech marks their identity and attachments... And Southern Appalachian English than two decades was thrown in and the was! Words in English definition and synonym Dictionary from Reverso 47 they called it cat ’! 2 ] ARC designates counties as “ Appalachian ” appalachian english dictionary the quilt and began... For guidance and precedence are excluded from coverage by DSASME awkward fashion the floor with pronoun! Folkloric material as varied as witchlore and dance parties ) borrows more than citations! That would otherwise have escaped the editor ’ s death was DSME TN ) took..., SC: University of South Carolina Board of Trustees and thousands of other in! Run-Ago at it and just frailed it or with abandon, “ the editor conferred with his counterparts at through!