Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. The wood is used in light construction. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. All plant pages have their own unique code. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. A strong, spicy odour, with a new flavour that is not agreeable to everyone[ 298 ]. Muangman T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011. In addition, the leaves of the plant species have been used to improve indigestion in traditional medicines as well as limit the excessive production of urine. Ambrevate in language. Towar or Tovar or Tover ki dal. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan seeds. gandul / guandu in Latin America. Select one of the options below to target your search: Literature citations; Taxonomy; Keywords; Subcellular locations; Cross-referenced databases; Human diseases; Advanced Search. kadyos in Philippines. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Seed processing by-products and sometimes the seeds themselves are used as livestock feed (Phatak et al., 1993). Cajanus bicolor DC. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Het geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. Soorten. Common name i: Pigeon pea: Synonym i: Cajanus indicus: Other names i ›Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The seeds germinate at temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. It has medicinal applications[ 320 ]. It is the main source of protein in vegetarian populations of developing countries and provides nutrition which is not provided by cereals. "kumanda yvyra'i" Guaran’ name in Paraguay. Cajanus indicus . Morton JF, 1976. * Important announcements and news Immature seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain per 100 g, 117 calories, 69.5% moisture, 7.2 g protein, 0.6 g fat, 21.3 g total carbohydrate, 3.3 g fiber, 1.4 g ash, 29 mg Ca, 135 mg P, 1.3 mg Fe, 5 mg Na, 563 mg K, 145 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.40 mg thiamine, 0.25 mg riboflavin, 2.4 mg niacin, and 26 mg ascorbic acid/100 g. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. It is also grown as a shade crop, cover crop, or as support for vanilla[ 299 ]. The green pods normally contain 3 seeds[ 300 ]. crop: Cajanus . Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., commonly known as the pigeon pea, is a perennial legume crop cultivated in the sub-tropical and semi-arid tropical regions. An infusion of the flowers and leaves is diuretic and is used as a diabetes remedy[ 348 ]. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Ambraty in language. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. In: Office of Introduced in Caucasus, Western Asia, China (including Taiwan), Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia, tropical Africa, Madagascar, tropical South America, New Guinea, Australia Dislikes very acid soils, growing best in a pH range of 5.5 - 6.5[ 300 ]. The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. ch’charo in Latin America. 1. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. An average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. Amberivatry in language. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. C. cajan is also known as its common name, pigeon pea [1–3]. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. Res., 28(2), Article No. Applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization [ 348 ] popularly consumed India. Hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 of cultivated plants about Cajanus cajan 's button... Organic matter cajanus cajan uses the sun for drying after harvested at two seeds are dried and to! With 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 and! 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